Life Science is the scientific study of living things, the Earth and all its living things. Any branch of biology, including microbiology, physiology, zoology, botany, and ecology, deals mainly with the organization and behaviour of living organisms and their community, life cycles, and interactions with their surroundings. Also known as bioscience. It is also concerned with the understanding of the molecular and cellular structure and function, development and reproduction, the structure and function of living tissues and organs, and their distribution in the environment.
Life Science also includes several sub-disciplines, including cell and tissue biology, developmental biology, environmental biology, eukaryotic biology, and microbial and comparative analysis. The field of Life Science attempts to learn organisms develop from an initial stage, survive and grow, secrete proteins and enzymes, communicate with other organisms, adapt to their environment, reproduce, distribute genes among themselves, share with the outside world, move and interact with their physical surroundings, grow and develop in space, die, relationships among themselves, and evolve. In short, it seeks to understand how everything works together.
Life Science attempts to answer many of the questions that have plagued scientists for over a century. How does nature produce all those diverse species, and what caused the evolution of different forms of life? How did life begin, and what separates living things from non-living ones? And through a study of life sciences, scientists hope to better understand the universe and the rest of life on Earth.
Life Science attempts to answer questions using several methods, including ecological, biological, and molecular biology. The field is also classified into different sub-specialities, including zoology, molecular biology, microbial Science, ecology, neuroscience, and environmental Science. Each sub-speciality focuses on a distinct aspect of life science that deals with particular species. For example, zoologists deal only with animal anatomy, microbial researchers focus on the genetics of bacteria and other microorganisms, ecology studies the interactions between living things and ecosystems, and neurologists study the neurological systems of living creatures.
Because Life Science has become so influential today, many individuals within the pharmaceutical industry have begun to tap into this vital aspect of medical research. As human beings continue to find ways to prolong life, the pharmaceutical industry will undoubtedly be forced to take up the Life Science side of the story more. Additionally, the Food and Drug Administration continues to approve drugs based on Life Science principles. As more pharmaceutical companies begin to tap Life Science technologies, the public will surely learn about Life Science and its importance in the ongoing quest for eternal life.
In addition to the field as mentioned above, Life Science also includes subjects such as the philosophy of life, physical Science, and biochemistry. All of these different areas of Life Science offer new and exciting opportunities for pharmaceutical researchers to research and pursue. The methods used in studying the various life sciences can provide pharmaceutical companies with a greater understanding of how living organisms interact with one another and with their environment. Additionally, one can apply the different techniques to the development of new medicines. Ultimately, the methods used by scientists in the various areas of Life Science will one day prove to be invaluable tools in the quest for effective drugs and cures.